Chessboard and Pieces

A chessboard consists of eight rows and eight alternately light and dark squares. There are sixty eight squares in total. Each player commands sixteen pieces of six different types. Each type of piece can move in a certain way. Most pieces are captured by other pieces. Once captured a piece is removed from play. The object of the game is to force the opponent’s King into a position from which it can’t escape. This is called checkmate.

XI. Match the words and their definitions. Be ready to make up sentences of your own with these active vocabulary units.

1. Athlete a) a person who commentates on a sports match or other event on television or radio
2. Football b) a board game of strategic skill for two players, played on a chequered board. Each player has 16 pieces, including a king, each playing piece is moved according to precise rules. The object is to capture the opponent's king
3.Commentator c) a game played between two teams of eleven players each, using hooked sticks with which the players try to drive a small rubber puck into the goals of the opponent’s team.
4. Stadium d) a person who is proficient in sports and other forms of physical exercise and takes part in competitive track and field events
5. Marathon e) the sport or pastime of travelling down a river with stretches of water with a broken foamy surface on a raft
6.Hockey f) an official who watches a game or match closely to ensure that the rules are adhered to and (in some sports) to arbitrate on matters arising from the play
7. Chess g) an athletic or sports ground with tiers of seats for spectators
8. White water rafting h) a sports game played with a round or oval ball and usually based on two teams competing to kick, head, carry, or otherwise propel the ball into each other's goal
9. Relay race i) a race on foot of 26 miles 385 yards (42.195 kilometres): an event in the modern Olympics
10. Figure Skating j) an area of ground wholly or partly surrounded by walls or buildings
11. Paralympic games k) a game played in water by two teams of seven swimmers in which each team tries to throw an inflated ball into the opponents' goal
12. Court l) a piece of equipment with a handle and a solid surface, typically of wood, used for hitting the ball in games such as cricket, baseball, and table tennis
13. Water-polo m) a race between teams of runners, each team member in turn covering part of the total distance, passing the baton to each other
14.Bat n) international multi-sport event for disabled athletes governed by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC)
15. Referee o) the competitive sport of ice skating in prescribed patterns (figures) and choreographed free skating

XII. Match the equipment and the game it is used in:

1. A rubber puck, helmet

2. A pom-pom

3. A shuttlecock

4. A foil

5. A bow, arrows

6. A sledge

7. A granite stone

8. A racquet

9. Skis, target

a) Bobsleighing

b) Cheerleading

c) Fencing

d) Badminton

e) Lawn tennis

f) Biathlon

g) Hockey

h) Archery

i) Curling

10. Bowls, alleys j) Bowling

11. Goggles k) Swimming

XIII. Look at the pictures below and give a full description of a kind of sport or a sports game according to the items offered below and using the vocabulary from the above exercises. Feel free to add your personal attitude to these sports activities, while describing them.